Diet and diet for longevity
The Chinese nation has a long history of applying dietary health care. Over the past few thousand years, it has gradually formed a set of dietary health theory with Chinese national characteristics.
The “Shan Hai Jing · Xiu Wu Xun” records that Shennong “taste the taste of all herbs and the sweetness and bitterness of water springs, so that the people know what to avoid.
At this time, one day encountered seventy poisons.
“This vividly reflects the magnificent history of the ancients in search of food.
Ming Dynasty Li Shizhen’s famous book “Compendium of Materia Medica” contained more than 1,000 kinds of drugs, of which there were more than 200 kinds of foods of health and medical nature, and there were thousands of prescriptions for health and diet.
In daily life, if you can pay attention to the dietary methods and the rules of dietary avoidance, and choose appropriate foods for nourishment according to your own needs, you can not only ensure health, but also improve the human body’s metabolism and prolong life.
What is “feeding” is to nourish the body through food.
“Food and nutrition” is divided into two categories: one is the nutrition of normal healthy people; the other is the nutrition of potential patients.
The purpose of normal healthy people’s diet is to provide various nutrients needed by human activities for consumption through the diet, so as not to make it out of balance, so as to maintain the normal metabolism of the body.
“Life lies in balance.
“A lack of absorbed nutrients will cause the body to become malnourished and lose balance; too much absorbed nutrients will also cause excess nutrients to lose balance, which will cause metabolic disorders and form diseases.
However, the normal human body has good self-stability, and has a certain tolerance and regulation ability for mutations in absorption of nutrients.
As long as you do n’t eat too much, do n’t overeating, so that the transformation of supplementary nutrients is within the range of your own tolerance and regulation, you can “eat everything and stop eating” for good food.
”Essence of safety must be invested in food, and those who do not know what to eat will have evil.
“This is the understanding and evaluation of food maintenance in ancient times by ancient health keepers.
According to their point of view, modern people sum up and propose eight principles of food and nutrition: first, diet and avoid overeating; second, eat light, avoid thick taste; third, do not eat partial, eat more grains; The fourth is not to eat barely, the stomach to swell if you are not thirsty and strong to drink, and the spleen not to eat strong and strong; the fifth is not to eat after being angry, the ancients often said that you will not be angry after eating, and not to eat after being angry; the sixth is not to eat too cold, Too cold to hurt the stomach, overheating the endometrium; seventh, do not do postural exercise after eating; eight, pay attention to health after eating.
From the point of view of TCM dialectics, human health can be divided into five types, namely healthy type, yin deficiency type, yang deficiency type, yin deficiency type, and yang prosperity type.
After knowing your own physique, you can choose the food that suits you according to the nature and taste of food.
Yin deficiency type is more common with redness, hot hands and feet, upset, insomnia, night sweats, dry mouth and throat, especially at night, ** less yellow, dry stool, red tongue, less moss, or less moss, no mossTooth prints, pulses sinking late and weak.
Expected Yin deficiency type foods: optionally use Ganliang, Ganhan or Ganping products, and take the sweet acidification of Yin, cold and cooling heat.
Such as wheat, corn, potato, Chinese cabbage, kohlrabi, toon, carrot, fungus, white fungus, yam, potato, tomato, lentinum, celery, amaranth, spinach, enoki mushroom, eggplant, laver, kelp, duck, goose andEgg, rabbit, pigeon, quail, pork, ham, bird’s nest, crab, conch, clam, black fish, jellyfish, catfish, herring, yellow croaker, turtle, turtle, catfish, bass, catfish, sugar cane, banana, Pear, coconut, lily, watermelon, winter gourd, loofah, water chestnut, green fruit, lotus seed, kiwi and so on.
It can also be formulated with a small amount of Chinese medicines with nourishing yin effects, without obvious bitterness, such as A. ginseng, Dendrobium, Yuzhu, Lycium barbarum, Schisandra chinensis, Shudi, Wumei and so on.
Recommended recipe: Lily porridge with wheat porridge, add lily when cooked, add rock sugar after cooking and serve.
For lung deficiency and spleen deficiency, eat less, fatigue are appropriate.
Yin deficiency type people avoid spicy hot products.
Types of yang deficiency are pale, short of breath, fatigue, chills and cold, cold hands and feet, night sweats or cold sweats, long urine, thin stools, pale tongue or tooth marks, and pulses are weak and heavy.
Foods that reach yang deficiency type: optionally use warming heat and qi to help yang, and take the qi, help yang, dispel cold, and Xingan to yang.
Such as new rice, wheat, yam, sorghum, soybean oil, millet, jack beans, lentils, chives, scallions, mustard, garlic, shallots, chili, chicken, sparrow, pork belly, animal liver, lamb, dog meat, mochi, sea cucumber, abalone, Carp, catfish, band fish, shrimp, orange, citrus, lychee, walnut, hawthorn, plum, chestnut, peach, pumpkin, pomegranate, placenta powder, cordyceps, toad powder, cistanche, dodder and so on.
Recommended recipe: Longan meat porridge: take 15 grams of longan meat and 5 jujubes. The previous rice is porridge. You can also add the above sugar when eating.
Hot drinks in the morning and evening, once a day or every other day, have the effect of nourishing the mind, replenishing qi and spleen, and nourishing qi and nourishing blood.
Avoid cold and cold products.
The two types of yin and yang are the same as the yin deficiency in the same person. Part of the yin deficiency can sometimes be dominated by yin deficiency and both yang deficiency and yin deficiency. For example, dry mouth, dry throat, upset and pale., Chills and cold limbs.
Yin and Yang deficiency food in the body: You can choose one of the above foods, such as dairy products, eggs, meat, many kinds, and fruits can be eaten appropriately according to taste.
This type of constitution avoids hot and cold food.
Yang Sheng type: more common bad breath bad breath, thirst and cold drinks, upset, yellow urine, dry stool, red tongue, yellow fur, strong pulse.
Foods facing the sun: You should add refreshing products to heat them.
Such as old rice, wheat, sesame oil, mung beans, red beans, mung bean sprouts, celery, amaranth, bitter gourd, bitter vegetables, spinach, eggplant, laver, kelp, duck meat, goose and eggs, clams, conch, coriander, sugar cane,Banana, pear, watermelon, winter melon, loofah, etc.
Avoid hot and hot products.It can also be mixed with some heat-clearing Chinese medicine, such as gypsum, reed root, bamboo leaves, honeysuckle and so on.
Recommended recipe: Shuanghua mung bean drink 50 grams of mung beans, 15 grams of rice, 15 grams of honeysuckle, alkali, sugar.
First fry honeysuckle and remove residue, then add mung beans, rice, add a small amount of alkali, cook porridge, add sugar, season, and have the effect of clearing heat, detoxifying and reducing fire.
In addition, it should be noted that there is a difference between diet and medical treatment, and the dieter should flexibly adjust the regimen according to his own constitution, diet, and taste.
The selected Chinese medicines should not be overdose to ensure the taste is palatable and easy to accept.
And continuous consumption can be effective.
Ingredients for dietary mushroom box: 25 grams of Chinese wolfberry, 10 grams of Codonopsis sibiricum extract, 50 grams of lotus seeds, 30 grams of dried shiitake mushrooms, and 100 grams of herring meat.
Method: Kill live herring, scales and internal organs, wash and remove skin prickles, chop surimi, and use salt, egg white, rice wine, monosodium glutamate, ginger and onion juice, and flour powder for sizing.
Dried shiitake mushrooms are soaked in water until they are soft, remove the roots, and steam the lotus seeds and wolfberry with surimi shiitake mushrooms and steam them in a basket.
Once a week, it can be consumed for a long time.
Ingredients for wheat asparagus: 10 grams of asparagus and 300 grams of chicken breast.
Method: Wash the asparagus, steam it with the right amount of water, wash the chicken breasts, add the shallot, ginger, rice wine and cook until cooked. Remove the chilled chicken, add the asparagus, seasoning, etcServe well.
It can be eaten for a long time, has the functions of promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, and regenerating lungs, and is suitable for those with weak constitution.
Pig brain egg soup soup ingredients: pig brain, protein, Shaoxing wine, ginger, other seasonings.
Method: Rinse the pig brain in cold water, remove the tendons, and then chop with chopsticks to mix Shaoxing wine.
Beat the eggs in a bowl, remove the yolks, and leave the egg whites for later use.
Heat the soup in the pot, add ginger to remove the fishy smell, pour the pig brain first, then slowly add the egg white, add the seasoning, and put in a bowl of delicious pig brain egg soup.
Anti-fatigue tea ingredients: 25 grams of Codonopsis, 10 grams of Asparagus, 6 grams of Schisandra chinensis, 50 grams of jujube, moderate sugar.
Method: Wash the jujube, put it into the casserole with codonopsis, wheat asparagus and schisandra, add 5 bowls of water to cook to 4 bowls, add rock sugar and stir to dissolve.
Insomnia food therapy six methods longan meat 50 grams, 50 grams of jujube kernels, 30 grams of ginseng, fried water, take half an hour before bedtime.
100 grams of lotus seed meat, 100 grams of Poria powder, add sugar, sweet-scented osmanthus, flour, steamed into cakes and serve.
250 grams of pork heart, 50 grams of jade bamboo, 50 grams of jujube kernels, stewed and seasoned.
50 grams of longan, 50 grams of lilies, 50 grams of lotus seeds, 20 grams of zizi kernels, 15 grams of jujube kernels, and decoction.
50 grams of peanuts, 30 grams of red beans, 30 grams of mung beans, 20 grams of lilies, eat after stewing.
100 grams of cucumber vine, 50 grams of bamboo Ru, 20 grams of Poria, called Jianshui.
(Note: Maimendong is a traditional Chinese medicine. Its sexual taste function is sweet, slightly bitter, slightly cold, with heat-clearing and nourishing yin, moisturizing the lungs and stomach, clearing the heart and removing annoyance, and moisturizing the bowel.